Terminology and Definitions Applied in this Research Project


Many terms used in relation to Web 2.0 technologies are used interchangeably and so, for the purpose of this Research Project, we have defined the terms used as follows:

(From Wikipedia 25 September 2006)

Blog - is the contraction universally used for weblog, a type of website where entries are made (such as in a journal or diary) and displayed in a reverse chronological order. Blogs often provide commentary or news on a particular subject and some function as more personal online diaries. A typical blog combines text, images, and links to other blogs, web pages, and other media related to its topic.

Social Bookmarking is a web based service, where shared lists of user-created Internet Bookmarks are displayed. Social bookmarking sites generally organize their content using tags. Social bookmarking sites are an increasingly popular way to locate, classify, rank, and share Internet resources through the practice of tagging and inferences drawn from grouping and analysis of tags (eg del.icio.us).

Social software - enables people to rendezvous, connect or collaborate through computer mediated discussion and to form online communities. Broadly conceived, this term could encompass older media such as mailing lists but some would restrict its meaning to more recent software genres such as blogs and wikis.

Virtual/web conferencing is used to hold group meetings or live presentations over the Internet. The most basic feature of a virtual conference is screen sharing, whereby conference participants see whatever is on the presenter's screen. Usually this is accompanied by voice communication, most recently through VoIP (Voice over the Internet Protocol), although sometimes text chat is used in place of voice. More recently live video via web cams is being introduced. Some web conferencing software allows conferences to be recorded for later playback. Other typical features of a web conference include:
  • Slide presentations (often created through PowerPoint)
  • Application sharing, in which participants can cooperatively manipulate (say) a spreadsheet on the presenter's computer
  • Web co-browsing
  • Annotation (allowing the presenter to highlight or mark items on the display)
  • Text messaging
  • File sharing
  • Polls and surveys

Web 2.0 - a phrase coined by O'Reilly Media in 2004, refers to a supposed second-generation of Internet-based services — such as social networking sites, blogs, and wikis — that let people collaborate and share information online in previously unavailable ways.

Wiki - A wiki is a type of website that allows the visitors themselves to easily add, remove and otherwise edit and change some available content, sometimes without the need for registration. This ease of interaction and operation makes a wiki an effective tool for collaborative authority.

Tags (from http://del.icio.us/help/tags ) - Tags are one-word descriptors that you can assign to any favourite. Tags can't contain quotation marks or whitespace, but are otherwise unrestricted. You can assign as many tags to a favorite as you like, and rename, delete, add or merge tags together. Tagging can be a whole lot easier and more flexible than fitting your information into preconceived categories. If you want to post an article about a little known Greek philosopher, just tag it with "philosophy greece" or whatever other tags you'd want to use to find it again. You don't have to rely on the designer of the system to provide you with a category for Greek philosophy. You just make up tags as you need them. That's great for organizing personal data, but it goes even further when someone else posts related content with the same tags. You begin building a collaborative repository of related information, driven by personal interests and creative organization. For instance, to view everybody's favorites on design, visit del.icio.us/tag/design.